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Expanding Earth Proof

HINES UNIFIED GEOLOGY THEORY

(The HUG Theory)

Plate Techtonics is WRONG!
By: Michael A. Hines GISP
2008
NOTE: All Graphics by Neal Adams used with his permission.

Model of Earth's InteriorAbstract:
The Hines Unified Geology Theory proves a mechanism that clearly explains the expanding earth theory. It also proves several new model standards for the understanding of the Earth’s Interior. That the core of the earth is low pressure gas not high pressure Iron.

Introduction:
The once widely accepted expanding earth theory (prior to the highly questionable plate tectonics theory) completely explained the age difference between the rocks of the Earth’s Continental crust and Oceanic Crust, but it met with disfavor because it presented no adequate explanation for its mechanism of occurrence. The expanding earth theory has been generally replaced with the plate tectonics theory, even though the plate tectonics theory has major faults, (such as lack of paleo-coastlines and scant (no) evidence for active (or inactive) subduction zones.)
Watch this amazing video by Neal Adams which explains perfectly the expanding earth theory:

Now continue reading for a proof of the MECHANISM that caused this expansion:

General Assumptions:
The earth’s current mean radius is 6,371 km. The surface area of the continents plus the continental shelves is 175,663,768 sq. km. By the formula area = 4 pi R 2, and the assumption that the land area of the continents plus the continental shelves represent the ancient surface area of the earth (rocks > 200 MYBP ) we can calculate that the ancient radius of the earth was 3739 km. or 58.6% of its current radius.
This paper will show that the continents fit accurately in this ancient configuration and we will show that this is the correct relationship based upon seismic, paleomagnetic, fossil, structural/formational (seas), mineralogical, and glaciation evidence. This theory will also explain the proper mechanisms of orogenic processes, igneous intrusion, block and thrust faulting, oceanic ridge formation, ages of the ocean floor, gravitational changes , and variations in currently plotted paleomagnetic data.

Basic tenants of theory:
REFERENCE FRAME (Several Points need to be straightened out…)
Geophysically speaking, The Earth’s structure must be considered from its reference frame in space, i.e.:

The Earth acts as a spinning sphere of liquid in zero gravity.

(spinning at approximately 1,000 miles per hour)
For this discussion, the Ancient Earth’s composition should be considered to behave as a liquid.
Also, The hard portions (rocks) of the earth, (for quartz and feldspar rich rocks in
 
{{::thought experiment:: If the earth were the size of a soccer ball, her hard rock outer surface layer would only be as thick as a postage stamp.  Her internal make up is more like pudding with a gas bubble within}}

Internal Pressure:
 
Earth’s Internal Pressure = zero (as the pressure of space)Ref: (Boyle’s law)Boyle’s law is used to predict the result of introducing a change, in volume and pressure only, to the initial state of a fixed quantity of gas. The before and after volumes and pressures of the fixed amount of gas, where the before and after temperatures are the same (heating or cooling will be required to meet this condition), are related by the equation:

p_1 V_1 = p_2 V_2. \,
So, the overall internal pressure of the planet must be in equilibrium with the outside pressure (outer space), which in this case pressure = zero. 


Centripetal Separation of internal structure by Density:
Rotational momentum must be considered. Orbital philosophies must be considered. (Math by Newton)
Gravitational Forces: Gravitational forces acting upon the liquid Earth give it its customary spherical shape. By Newton’s shell theorum of gravitation, no gravitational forces exist internal to the planet
Isaac Newton proved the shell theorem saying that:
  1. A spherically symmetric body affects external objects gravitationally as though all of its mass were concentrated at a point at its centre.
  2. If the body is a spherically symmetric shell (i.e. a hollow ball), no gravitational force is exerted by the shell on any object inside, regardless of the object’s location within the shell.
  3. Inside a solid sphere of constant density the gravitational force varies linearly with distance from the centre, becoming zero at the centre of mass.
(show math).
Shell-diag-1-anim.gif

Therefore, the core of the earth is gaseous, not metallic, and the core of the earth is low pressure, not high pressure.
( … Seismic wave behavior also follows this delineation… analysis coming soon… - M. Hines 2011)

 

SITUATION: (follow explaination below drawing)


1. Ancient earth exists with a radius of 3739 km. Ancient earth has a crustal thickness of approx. 50 km. The geologic time period is 200 mybp.
2. The ancient earth is struck by an ice comet with a diameter of 500 km. The effects of which are:
Immediate impact based crustal shattering / cracking occurs,  Ice comet imbeds at 500 km depth
3. The internal heat of ancient earth slowly sublimates ice to steam (1600 X expansion at STP)
4. Earth expansion of the volume of the planet and further cracking the crust. The growing gas bubble of steam migrates to the center of the planet (which is rotating in weightlessness) further expanding the volume of the planet. (Massnow remains constant but Volume Changes)
5. Further slow expansion occurs as comet sublimates completely away. Because of the centripetal force of the rotating planet, heavier liquid element are forced outward.
Moving inward we find a gas(steam)/Magma froth which is the current Outer core of the earth and the center of the planet or Inner Core becomes a low pressure gas (steam) center of the earth is zero and because the earth (liquid sphere) is in equilibrium with outside space, the pressure inside the center of the inside of the earth is also zero.
age of ocean floors
Assumptions:
That water-ice expands 1,600 times upon sublimation to water vapor at STP.  So, assuming that the pressure at the center of the planet is even .5 atmospheres, then the steam would expand 3200 times its volume.
This would allow for an ice comet with a diameter of only 420 km to achieve the same results. (show math)
Geologic Processes that can be explained by changes in the radius of the earth:
 (crustal stress and strain from increasing diameter)
    • block faulting,

    • orogenic activity

    • igneous intrusion

    • thrust faulting

    • geosynclines

 


Space Station Experiments in Support

Please view these videos from the international space station. All geologists should take the 10 minutes or so to view these as then you will understand the theory. Anyone born in a world with gravity will have a hard time understanding the proper frame of reference for Planetary geology. In almost every video experiment, the astronaut scientists express wonder and suprise.
The closest experiment to the actual history of the expanding earth is the effervescent antacid tablet in a sphere of water in microgravity.  Consider the water, the hot molten earth and the antacid tablet, the impacting ice comet. This experiment occurs at the 2:01 minute mark of the first video below:

Coming Soon

Geologic Evidence presented, see maps.
  • * Largely non-marine gondwanarocks,
  • * Lower Cambrian tropical fossils
  • * Apparent paleomagnetic equator
  • * Permo-carboniferous glaciation

One Response to "Expanding Earth Proof"

  1. Servando says:

    hello Emperor. the expanding Earth process makes sense in all aspects. I have believed this for many years.
    I want to interest you in a new timescale I have come up with. this solves the leap-second issue the internet server companies are having with UTC time.
    the planet shall forever cool off and expand, thus in keeping with its momentum, the day will be longer. now each day is 0.002s longer everyday.
    I participated in the UTC colloquim and pulished a paper in the American Astronomical Society.
    get back at me. I am looking for men with your acumen.
    have a great day.

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